Category: Avr delay example

Can someone please post a program to create delays or header file which u hv made or come across such that wen you input a timer. I'm using Atmega8, 12MHz oscillator, Winavr compiler. PLease help :.

I am not going to do the work for you but one way to do it is: 1 create a periodic timer interrupt e. But please help me out with the part in creating 10ms interrupt. The calculation is kinda confusing to me. I'm using a 12 Mhz oscillator. Please tell me how to create a 10ms interrupt.

Just that part : : thank you. If you want to create a 10ms interrupt, this is times a second. With the help of avr freaks i was able to generate delay to blink leds. But the real program which i'm having trouble is given below.

From previous threads, I have shown you how to calculate OCRn from an interrupt period or frequency. Note that you probably need to use prescalers with the 8-bit timers. Your 'later' code uses 'flag' in both foreground code delay and in an ISR.

GCC will optimisise it away unless you add the volatile qualifier. And you don't reset 'count' properly. Buy a pencil and paper.

Then you can hand-trace your program logic. And understand how it works. Two threads now merged.

avr delay example

No I have merged them - the contents of all the threads are here - above this message. If you attempt to delete anything you risk deleting the entire thread. This delay routine doesn't delay anything.

If "flag" is 1, it clears it to 0, then it returns to main regardless of what the original value of "flag" was. If you want to wait in the function until flag becomes 1, then you need:. Skip to main content. Creating Delay using timer0. Log in or register to post comments. Go To Last Post. Level: Rookie. Posts: 47 View posts.Search this site. Navigation Home.

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White Wolf Ent. The timers are the heart of automation. We have seen in previous chapters how we could take in an input, perform mathematical functions on the data and, perform an action. Timers give us an extra level of control by giving us not only control over what happens but when it happens.I was thinking some timer value compare and count the delay from there, but what is wise way to do these delays?

But I guess another way would be to start a timer and just poll TCNT until it exceeds the count value that represents 10ms use avrcalc to work out what that value is.

Personally, I would not actually call a 10 ms.

avr delay example

At 16Mhz a controller can executeinstructions, doing useful work. I attempt to write my code using finite state machines, so that I do not use any delays at all if I can avoid it. So my suggestion would be to set a timer to give you a 10mS. Alternativily, allow the interupt and execute the task that you want to do no need to clear the OVF bit. Iam currently working on a finite state machine LCD driver.

Here is the code that I use for a 1 ms. At 16 Mhz.

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This all pre-supposes that you actually have something useful for the controller to do during the mean time. In real time systems this is usually the case! At easter I prefer a bar of Lindt dark chocolate to easter eggs!

AVR Timers – TIMER1

Lee. How did the serpent move around before the fall? If the timers are running at a constant top-value you can use one of them together with an interrupt to generate timings.

LOL--or why the "tick" from one of the already-running timers could not be used? It appears that your is already an attempt to reduce jitter. I normally just set a bit flag, and if one is missed a long process before getting back to service the flag in the mainline; e. LCD init no big deal. But certain times the count is important so have the ISR increment a tick count each time it fires, and the mainline can then be aware of how many ticks have passed and take that into account.

I do have a few 1ms apps: Modbus; fast flowmeter poll; fast multiplex needed. Beyond that some multiplex apps need 2.

Arduino Tutorial: Using millis() Instead of delay()

Why not use a loop? If by "wait" you meant sleep, the delay. Why would you think they did? Quote: i cannot do anything else meantime. Quote: LOL--or why the "tick" from one of the already-running timers could not be used? In this case do it all inside of the timer ISR. In the ISR you count ticks. As you know the tick rate, you can determine how many ticks gives you your 10uS.

At that point you reset your tick counter, and decrement your OCR value to run your fade. As this is all in the ISR, your main-loop code is free to go on and do whatever it likes. I simply put a number on a variable to get the ms of delay but i dont know how to explain Of course that won't really help since there is nothing in your delay function that takes one cycle. Skip to main content. Example code for 10ms delay without delay.

Log in or register to post comments. Go To Last Post. Level: Rookie.Timers come in handy when you want to set some time interval like your alarm. This can be very precise to a few microseconds.

avr delay example

They basically run independently of what task CPU is performing. Hence they come in very handy, and are primarily used for the following:. Atmega32 has 3 timer units, timer 0, timer 1 and timer 2 respectively.

Let us start our exploration with timer 0. Timer 0 is a 8 bit timer. The operation of timer 0 is straight forward. If the timer is turned on it ticks from 0 to and overflows.

You can as well load a count value in TCNT0 and start the timer from a specific count. With this you can basically select two things:. Other bits correspond to the timer interrupts, which we will look at in another tutorial. What is the Max delay Timer 0 overflow generates? Okay, lets calculate. If we use the highest pre-scalar ofcalculation shows it can generate a delay of 16milli seconds every time timer zero overflows.

Of-course 16ms is not enough, so the next obvious question is: How many times should the timer overflow to generate a delay of approximately msec? Now let's write a simple program which will toggle a port pin PD4 after the timer 0 overflows 6 times. Timer 3 also has 2 control registers which allow us to configure it and use it in any mode you wish. Let us repeat the example of Timer 0 of toggling PD4 every ms. This time since it is a 16 bit timer, let's see what is the max delay it generates with a pre-scalar of Well, timer 2 is pretty similar to the timers covered above.

Give it a shot, should you've any questions do comment below. Timers are independent units from the CPU. Hence if we use timers with Interrupts it can make the CPU free from polling the flags every-time.

This is the way they are used normally. Have a opinion, suggestionquestion or feedback about the article let it out here!

avr delay example

Please enable JavaScript to view the comments powered by Disqus. Log in. AVR Timer programming.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I am having a problem in calculating delays. I want to make a delay for 1 sec when I am using 1MHz clock speed for my atmega microcontroller.

Can you teach me how to calculate the time this delay will take? So I could make 1 for 1 sec delay 1 MHz. To calculate a delay, you need to calculate the cycle time and then count how may cycles you need to reach the wanted delay. In your case, 1MHz clock means cycles per second. To get 1 second delay, you need cycles of 1usso it means that you have to create an algorithm of cycles. Then the loop Delay2 repeats the Delay3 times the value of dly2.

So the accumulated delay in this case is ms. And finally, the loop Delay1 repeats the Delay2 8 times the value of dly1. So the accumulated delay in this case is ms or 1 second. NOTE: This example delay is actually a little bit longer than 1sec because I didn't consider the time of the instructions of Delay2 and Delay1. The influence is very small, but for a precise 1sec delay, these instructions must be counted and the values of dly1dly2 and dly3 must be adjusted to guarantee that the algorithm is exactly cycles long.

NOTE2: With this algorithm the microcontroller can't do anything else while executing the delay because you are using it to count cycles. If you want to do other things while doing a delay, take a look at timers and interrupts of the microcontroller. Each milliseconds one interrupt will be generated. Learn more. How to make a delay in assembly for avr microcontrollers?

Ask Question. Asked 5 years, 10 months ago. Active 4 years, 10 months ago. Viewed 32k times. I use proteus for simulation and avr studio for coding in assembly for atmel microcontroller. So I could make 1 for 1 sec delay 1 MHz Thank you. GabrielOshiro 6, 4 4 gold badges 36 36 silver badges 50 50 bronze badges. UmeRonaldo UmeRonaldo 2 2 gold badges 6 6 silver badges 16 16 bronze badges.

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Suggest corrections and new documentation via GitHub. Doubts on how to use Github? Learn everything you need to know in this tutorial. Pauses the program for the amount of time in milliseconds specified as parameter. There are milliseconds in a second. Allowed data types: unsigned long.

While it is easy to create a blinking LED with the delay function and many sketches use short delays for such tasks as switch debouncing, the use of delay in a sketch has significant drawbacks. No other reading of sensors, mathematical calculations, or pin manipulation can go on during the delay function, so in effect, it brings most other activity to a halt. For alternative approaches to controlling timing see the Blink Without Delay sketch, which loops, polling the millis function until enough time has elapsed.

Certain things do go on while the delay function is controlling the Atmega chip, however, because the delay function does not disable interrupts. Serial communication that appears at the RX pin is recorded, PWM analogWrite values and pin states are maintained, and interrupts will work as they should. Language delayMicroseconds.

Language micros. Language millis. Last Revision: Searching Description Pauses the program for the amount of time in milliseconds specified as parameter.

Example Code The code pauses the program for one second before toggling the output pin. Language delayMicroseconds Language micros Language millis.Without using any timers, how can a program be halted for a set amount of time?

I was thinking that it's possible to just do something trivial like writing the same bits to the same register over and over, but this would require a FOR loop so to make the timing correct, the time it takes to reevaluate the FOR loop would have to be taken into account how many clock cycles is that by the way?

How are delay functions actually made? Plecto wrote: Without using any timers, how can a program be halted for a set amount of time? That's exactly what the macros in do. As for the function delayif you are referring to the Arduino function, it uses the timer and interrupt based time housekeeping code to produce the requested delay.

Long delays using nested for loops instead of a hardware timer, are ill-advised for several reasons. Quote: That's exactly what the macros in do. So why doesn't the Arduino delay do the same as?

Why hijack a timer to do a job that don't require a timer?

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Quote: Long delays using nested for loops instead of a hardware timer, are ill-advised for several reasons. Quote: Quote: Long delays using nested for loops instead of a hardware timer, are ill-advised for several reasons.

How come? Perhaps beause of reasons above.

AVR Timers 0 Example

It might also be the case that they have a timer running to generate "systicks" anyway for other purposes, and then they could just as well use it for delays also.

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Arduino has a time generating systicks : it increments the number of milliseconds -in 32 bits- since power on generates growing time values for more than 40 days, IIRC.

Therefore, pieces of code this is explained in LED blinking without delays in their examples like that:. Quote: So why doesn't the Arduino delay do the same as? The chances are that Arduino was written by an embedded engineer. The fact is that almost all except the most trivial microcontroller applications tend to have a generic timer doing "system ticks". In fact it's so common that ARM Cortex processors all have a built in timer systick exactly for that purpose.

Most MCU applications are about watching for events and responding to them. Often this will involve measuring the passage of time is it ms since that button was held down? So most engineer pick a "lowest common denominator" of time division that will allow them to cater for measuring intervals of time. Say they have things that have to happen every 10ms, every 40ms and every ms. You just run a timer that "ticks" every 10ms and for the first event you do it every time the timer ticks, for the next you do it every 4 ticks and for the third every 20 ticks.

In the early days of both Windows and Linux everything was slaved to happen on a 10ms tick. These days it is 1ms. But there's a balance to be made. If you have the ticks too often you will possibly spend too much of the CPU time simply servicing the counters but if they aren't often enough you may not be able to measure time periods accurately enough a system that only updated the display every ms might lead to flicker for example.

Isn't really used in the real world.